Dr Tomas Lindahl FRS FMedSci has been awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Dr Lindahl, along with Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar, received the prize for mechanistic studies of DNA repair.
Claes Gustafsson, from the Nobel Committee, said the recipients had "explained the processes at the molecular level that guard the integrity of our genomes".
Professor Sir John Tooke PMedSci, President of the Academy of Medical Sciences welcomed the news saying:
"Dr Tomas Lindahl's work on how the DNA can repair itself has made major contributions to the understanding how the body recovers from damages to its genome. DNA damage is one of the processes behind the onset and development of cancer. Knowing how cells repair their DNA and what interferes with this process has wide implications for cancer research and ultimately, our capacity to defeat this disease."
"It is extremely gratifyingto see one of our founding Fellows recognised with the Nobel Prize. The Academy stands for excellence in the medical sciences, and we are honoured to have another Fellow joining the ranks of Nobel laureates."
Dr Lindahl is a founding Fellow, who joined the Academy at its inception in 1998.
For more information, please visit the Nobel Prize website.